Computer and information sciences

Towards the creation of a backcasting-oriented model of mobility systems: identification of surrogate models from detailed traffic simulations

An emerging approach is expected to change the way of designing and assessing future mobility of people and goods. Whether it will be more electrified, connected, automated, digitalized or not, it will depend on which targets we aim to reach at given time horizons: environmental, economic, societal, etc. In the new paradigm, these targets will be set first, then the most appropriate roadmap of policies and technologies needed will be established (“backcasting”), as opposed to the current approach where potential actions are assumed, then their impacts are “forecasted” and assessed.